John M. Frame in his book (textbook) p 20 ‘The Doctrine of the Knowledge of God‘:
Our limitations are of several kinds. First (as we have mentioned), sin motivates fallen people to distort the truth, to flee from it, to exchange it for a lie, and to misuse it. This is one potent source of falsehood and ignorance in our thinking, even in the redeemed mind. Because of Christ, Christians have that problem under control (Rom. 6:14), but it will not completely disappear until the Last Day.
Second, errors in our knowledge arise from immaturity and weakness. Even if Adam had not fallen, the acquisition of knowledge would not have taken place all at once. It would have been a historical process, part of the “subduing of the earth” (Gen. 1:28; cf. 2:19f.). Even Jesus “grew” in wisdom and stature (luke 2:52) and “learned” obedience (Heb. 5:8) in His life as a perfect man. Certainly then, even apart form sin, human knowledge may be incomplete; we may be ignorant in comparison to what we may know later.
Frame then gives a list of ‘discontinuities’ ways in which our thoughts are not like God’s thoughts on p.22. Here are a few of them:
- God’s thoughts ultimately determine, or decree, what comes to pass
- God’s thoughts, therefore, are self validating; they serve as their own criteria of truth. God’s thoughts are true simply because they are His… Our thoughts are not necessarily true, and when they are true, it is because they agree with the thoughts of someone else, namely God, who furnishes the criteria for our thinking.
- God does not need to have anything ‘revealed’ to Him; He knows what He knows simply by virtue of who He is and what He does. But all of our knowledge is based on revelation. When we know something, it is because God decided to let us know it, either by Scripture or by nature.
- God has not chosen to reveal all truth to us. For example, we do not know the future, beyond what Scripture teaches. We do not know all of the facts about God or even about creation.
You can listen to the first chapter in mp3 format here - John_Frame_Doctrine_of_the_Knowledge_of_God_chapter_1.mp3
You can access or download a study guide for this book here - http://thirdmill.org/newfiles/joh_frame/frame.he2005.studyguidetodkg.pdf
You can find dozens of articles and some mp3 messages from John M. Frame at the monergism website at this link - http://www.monergism.com
Books by John M. Frame - http://www.monergismbooks.com