Alexandr Solzhenitsyn – Binecuvintata fii inchisoare; film in limba Romana

The film is in the Romanian language, however, you can read an article and timeline on Alexandr Solzhenitsyn in the English language at the bottom of this post.

Binecuvintata fii inchisoare – film dupa cartea lui Nicole Valery. Plon, Paris. Despre experienta carcerala : De la Soljeniţîn la Steinhardt: Gulagul între suferinţă mărturisită şi credinţă.

Alexander Soljenitin – Toti scriitori care au vorbit despre inchisoare fara sa fi trecut prin ea s-au simtit obligati sa-si arate simpatia fata de detinuti si sa blesteme  inchisoarea.  Eu am stat acolo mult timp, acolo mi-am faurit sufletul si pot spune fara ocol:   BINECUVINTATA   FII   INCHISOARE….. binecuvintat fie rolul care l-ai jucat in existenta mea!

VIDEO by Noua Galilee

Cine a fost Alexander Soljenitin:

Scriitorul rus, care a decedat la 3 august 2008, la vârsta de 89 de ani, a condamnat neîncetat universul inuman al lagărelor sovietice. Arestat în 1945 pentru că l-a criticat pe Stalin, a stat opt ani în închisoare.

A primit premiul Nobel pentru literatură în 1970, dar, în 1974, autorităţile de la Moscova i-au retras cetăţenia sovietică, expulzându-l din URSS. În 1973, Aleksandr Soljeniţîn publicase „Arhipelagul Gulag” în Occident şi a fost acuzat de trădare. A locuit apoi în Germania, Elveţia şi Statele Unite ale Americii, înainte de a reveni în Rusia, în 1994, după destrămarea Uniunii Sovietice. După întoarcerea în ţara natală, el a condamnat evoluţia Rusiei postsovietice.

Great Souls: Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn

Great Writers: Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn

Alexandr Solzhenitsyn

Christianity Today, January 1, 2000

Literature of Protest: Alexandr Solzhenitsyn
The high school physics-teacher-turned-novelist whose writings shook an empire by Edward E. Ericson, Jr.

January 1, 2000

A high school teacher in his hovel far from home spends every spare minute writing—and then burying the manuscripts in jars. Who could have guessed that he was changing history? A Soviet-era joke set in the future has a teacher asking who Soviet president Leonid Brezhnev was and a schoolgirl replying, „Wasn’t he some insignificant politician in the age of Solzhenitsyn?”

As a boy, Alexandr Solzhenitsyn planned to find fame through commemorating the glories of the Bolshevik Revolution. But as an artillery captain, he privately criticized Stalin and got packed off to eight years in the prison camps. There, the loyal Leninist encountered luminous religious believers and moved from the Marx of his schoolteachers to the Jesus of his Russian Orthodox forefathers: „God of the Universe!” he wrote, „I believe again! Though I renounced You, You were with me!”

After prison, Solzhenitsyn poured out once-unimaginable tales of the brutality of Soviet prison life. With One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich, the unknown author became lionized worldwide as a truth-telling freedom-fighter. A publishing event that Premier Nikita Khrushchev authorized as part of his de-Stalinization campaign looks, in retrospect, like the first crack in the Berlin Wall.

The Gulag Archipelago, a history of the Soviet concentration camps, prompted the Kremlin to ship the author westward in 1974.

At home, Solzhenitsyn had scolded the Soviet leaders for their attempted „eradication of Christian religion and morality” and for substituting an ideology with atheism as its „chief inspirational and emotional hub.” But once in the West, he scolded Western elites for discarding „the moral heritage of Christian centuries with their great reserves of mercy and sacrifice” and for substituting „the proclaimed and practiced autonomy of man from any higher force above him.”

Thus many Western intellectuals also turned against him (one headline bellowed, „Shut Up, Solzhenitsyn”). Despite his moderate political inclinations, critics pinned false labels on him: reactionary, chauvinist, monarchist, theocrat, even anti-Semite.

„Gradually it was disclosed to me that the line dividing good and evil passes not through states, nor between classes, nor between political parties either—
but right through every human heart.” —Alexandr Solzhenitsyn

Solzhenitsyn replied, „They lie about me as if I were already dead,” and complained, „Nobody ever gives any quotes.”

Moving to Vermont and listening only to „the sad music of Russia,” Solzhenitsyn fulfilled his boyhood plan with The Red Wheel, but now the Bolshevik Revolution was not celebrated but lamented. And „the main cause of the ruinous Revolution that swallowed up some sixty million of our people” was—as he had heard his elders starkly say—that „men have forgotten God.” That forgetting is also „the principal trait of the entire twentieth century.”

Today as the Cold War rapidly disappears from modern consciousness, Solzhenitsyn is less well-known. But he remains the indispensable witness to and keenest interpreter of the century’s greatest intellectual and political conflict. New Yorker editor David Remnick calls him our age’s „dominant writer” and says, „No writer that I can think of in history, really, was able to do so much through courage and literary skill to change the society they came from. And, to some extent, you have to credit the literary works of Alexandr Solzhenitsyn with helping to bring down the last empire on earth.”

Edward E. Ericson, Jr., is a professor of English at Calvin College, Grand Rapids, Michigan, and author of Solzhenitsyn and the Modern World (Regnery Gateway, 1993).

1917 Russian Revolution

1918 Alexandr Solzhenitsyn is born

1928 Joseph Stalin consolidates his power; first Five-Year Plan

1936-39 Stalin’s great purge annihilates tens of thousands

1945 Solzhenitsyn arrested as a captain in the army; Soviets consolidate power in Eastern Europe, which begins the Cold War

1953 Solzhenitsyn released from prison camps and diagnosed with terminal cancer; Nikita Khrushchev takes power in U.S.S.R. upon Stalin’s death

1962 Publishes One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich

One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich (1970)

1968 Publishes Cancer Ward and First Circle

1970 Awarded the Nobel Prize for literature

Receiving the Nobel Prize for Literature

Also click here to watch more film footage of Solzhenitsyn

1973 Publishes first volume of Gulag Archipelago

1974 Exiled from his homeland

1988 Mikhail Gorbachev becomes U.S.S.R. president

1989 Berlin Wall dismantled

1994 Solzhenitsyn returns to Russia

In his autobiographical The Oak and the Calf, Alexandr Solzhenitsyn recalls how he „wrote” in the camps, where writing was forbidden—and how vulnerable his work was.

In the camp, this meant committing my verse—many thousands of lines—to memory. To help me with this, I improvised decimal counting beads and, in transit prisons, broke up matchsticks and used the fragments as tallies. As I approached the end of my sentence, I grew more confident of my powers of memory, and began writing down and memorizing prose—dialogue at first, but then, bit by bit, whole densely written passages. … But more and more of my time—in the end as much as one week every month—went into the regular repetition of all I had memorized.

Then came exile, and right at the beginning of my exile, cancer. … In December [1953] the doctors—comrades in exile—confirmed that I had at most three weeks left.

All that I had memorized in the camps ran the risk of extinction together with the head that held it. This was a dreadful moment in my life: to die on the threshold of freedom, to see all I had written, all that gave meaning to my life thus far, about to perish with me. …

I hurriedly copied things out in tiny handwriting, rolled them, several pages at a time, into tight cylinders and squeezed these into a champagne bottle. I buried the bottle in my garden—and set off for Tashkent to meet the new year and to die. [In fact, he was treated and recovered completely.]

For more information on this topic, see:

Alexandr Solzhenitsyn

A World Split Apart: An Address by Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn

Copyright © 2000 by the author or Christianity Today International/Christian History magazine.

Cititi Partea 2 al articolului aici.De la Soljeniţîn la Steinhardt: Gulagul între suferinţă mărturisită şi credinţă de Alexandr Solzhenitsyn

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5 comentarii (+add yours?)

  1. George W.Galis
    feb. 06, 2011 @ 15:25:40

    O religie fara martiri, nu este desavarsita. Noi penticostali avem martirii? Ii cunoastem? Ii pretuim?Biserica din primele doua secole a produs mii de martiri. Noi nu ne putem asemui cu ei. Crestini din Romania a fugit de martiraj.

  2. raultrezirii
    apr. 12, 2011 @ 10:10:05

    Martirajul nu mai este cel al trupului ci mai degraba cel al sufletului de data aceasta. Toate strategiile celui rau sunt acelea de a denatura si distruge identitatea crestinilor si a rasei umane. Dorinta lui din Eden continua si astazi la fel cum Izabela lui Ahab este in Apocalipsa proorocita. Spiritul masonic si izabelic lucreaza astazi pe toate laturile vietii la un nivel mult mai „evoluat”. Caderea zidului de la Berlin a fost o eliberare dar si un asalt demonic din occident. Cu stima pentru crestinii practicanti din strada nu cei din scaunele incalzite a unor cladiri care se numesc „biserici”. Idea unei cladiri a distrus si continua sa faca asta. O adevarata biserica evanghelizeaza sau demisioneaza(Wurmbrand).
    Libertatea de exprimare a religiei atarna de o lege in Constitutie. Daca legea se schimba o luam de la capat dar de data aceasta fara „experienta” martirajului pentru Hristos. Cei cu adevarat credinciosi/loiali Lui Hristos vor face o diferenta prin raspandirea Evangheliei cat mai este „voie”. Spun asta pentru ca fara „autorizatie” nu ai dreptul sa „desfasori activitati religioase”. Ganditi-va la asta in special tinerii. Asteptam ori ne miscam! Cu stima Catalin

    • rodi
      apr. 12, 2011 @ 11:04:30

      afirmatiile dumneavoastra sint foarte bune, dar totusi Evanghelia se poate proclama chiar in ciuda legilor si a constitutiilor care ar interzice astfel de activitati. Asa au crescut Bisericile subterane in China si alte tari musulmane-datorita fratilor care si-au riscat viata pentru propovaduirea Evangheliei lui Hristos.

    feb. 03, 2012 @ 13:43:17

    DOMNUL sa ne ajute sa le urmam pilda martiriloe .sa ne incredem in domnu in orce imprejurare sau incercare amin

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