(from Below – a 55 minute movie based on the life of Jan Hus, immediately followed by a 30 minute documentary (from the Christian History Institute) on the life of Jan Hus.
Jan Hus (1369-1415)
was a Czech priest, philosopher, reformer, and master at Charles University in Prague.
He is famed for having been burned at the stake for heresy against the doctrines of the Catholic Church, including those on ecclesiology (the branch of theology concerned with the nature, constitution and functions of a church), the Eucharist (the Christian sacrament commemorating the Last Supper by consecrating bread and wine), and other theological topics. Hus was a key predecessor to the Protestant movement of the 16th century, and his teachings had a strong influence on the states of Europe, most immediately in the approval for the existence of a reformist Bohemian religious denomination, and, more than a century later, on Martin Luther himself.
Between 1420 and 1431, the Hussite forces defeated five consecutive papal crusades against followers of Hus. Their defense and rebellion against Roman Catholics became known as the Hussite Wars.
The following biography information provides basic facts and information about the life and history of Jan Hus a famous Medieval character of the Middle Ages:
- Nationality: Czechoslovakian
- Also Known as: Johann or John Hussinetz, Johannes de Hussinetz or Huss
- Lifespan: 1370 – 1415
- Time Reference: Lived during the reigns of the English Kings – King Richard II, King Henry IV and King Henry V
- Date of Birth: He was born in 1390 in was born at Hussinetz in Southern Bohemia
- Early Life and Education: He studied at Prague and was an early follower of Stanislaus of Znaim
- Career Timeline of Jan Hus:
- In 1400 he was ordained priest
- In 1401 he became a Dean
- In 1402 Jan Hus became a rector and preacher of the Bethlehem Church in Prague
- 1402 – Jan Hus was influenced by the theological writings and ideas of John Wycliffe
- Hus began to attack the views of clerics
- Jan Hus became the rector of Prague University and was received at court
- In 1410 the Pope issued a decree against the ideas of John Wycliffe which were banned
- Jan Hus continued to preach about the new ideas – his followers were called the Hussites, but was forced to leave Prague
- 1414 – Three Bishops were appointed to investigate Jan Hus
- He was imprisoned by Archbishop of Constance at his castle on the Rhine
- 1415 Jan Hus was sent to trial and convicted as a heretic
- He was sentence to burning at the stake
- Jan Hus refused to recant and the terrible sentence was carried out
- Date of Death: Jan Hus died on July 6, 1415
- Accomplishments or why Jan Hus was famous: A cleric and religious reformer in Czechoslovakia who attracted followers called the Hussites. He was a follower of the English reformer John Wycliffe
- Prophecy and Jan Hus Quote: “In 100 years, God will raise up a man whose calls for reform cannot be suppressed.”
- Nearly 100 years later, in 1517, Martin Luther nailed his famous 95 Theses of Contention on to the church door at Wittenberg