Passion Week (F) Thursday – The divinity of Jesus and His prayer at Ghetsemane

(via) Justin Taylor from Gospel Coalition Holy Week: What Happened on Thursday?.

Holy Week: What Happened on Thursday?

With help from the ESV Study Bible, here’s an attempted harmony/chronology of the words and actions of Jesus in the final week of his pre-resurrection life.

Jesus instructs his disciples Peter and John to secure a large upper room in a house in Jerusalem and to prepare for the Passover meal

Matthew 26:17-19  Mark 14:12-16  Luke 22:7-13

In the evening Jesus eats the Passover meal with the Twelve, tells them of the coming betrayal, and institutes the Lord’s Supper

Mathew 26:20-29  Mark 14:17-23  Luke 22:14-30

After supper Jesus washes the disciples’ feet, interacts with them, and delivers the Upper Room Discourse

John 13:1-17:26  

Jesus and the disciples sing a hymn together (probably from Psalms 113–118), then depart to the Mount of OlivesMatthew 26:30    Mark 14:26  Luke 22:39

Jesus foretells Peter’s denials

Jesus gives his disciples practical commands about supplies and provisions
Jesus and the disciples go to Gethsemane, where he struggles in prayer and they struggle to stay awake late into the night
Matthew 26:36-46  Mark 14:32-42  Luke 22:40-46
Here is an article by Stephen Witmer posted at the Gospel Coalition on Jesus in the garden of Ghetsemane and His divine nature. (Jesus and the Martyrs.)

Jesus and the Martyr

by Stephen Witmer

And he withdrew from them about a stone’s throw, and knelt down and prayed, saying, “Father, if you are willing, remove this cup from me. Nevertheless, not my will, but yours, be done.” And there appeared to him an angel from heaven, strengthening him. And being in an agony he prayed more earnestly; and his sweat became like great drops of blood falling down to the ground (Luke 22:41-44).

In this passage, the eternal Son of God pleads with God the Father not to make him go to the cross, requires the help of an angel, and experiences great emotional upheaval in light of his approaching death. He is profoundly shaken. Early in church history, already in the second century, critics of Christianity were pointing to Jesus’ agonized prayer as reason to doubt that he was divine. The problem is heightened when we compare Jesus’ reaction in the face of death to other martyrs, ancient and modern, who appear to be more composed and able to face death with greater dignity than Jesus showed (see Timothy Keller’s The Reason for God for an insightful treatment of this). Here I provide three such examples.

Stephen Witmer gives examples of 3 ancient and modern  cases of martyrdom where the men involved appear to face death with a calm dignity and contrasts it with Jesus’ agonizing prayer.

He concludes-

first, the Gospel writers had to be honest, to include such passages of struggling by Jesus and

second, ‘ What sets Jesus’ death apart from the death of any other person in the history of the world is the spiritual component of his suffering’.

We have an indication of that terrible spiritual reality in Luke 22:42: “Father, if you are willing, remove this cup from me.” To what “cup” is Jesus referring?

We get an answer in the Old Testament. Psalm 75:6-8 uses the imagery of a cup to refer to God’s judgment upon his enemies:

For not from the east or from the west and not from the wilderness comes lifting up, but it is God who executes judgment, putting down one and lifting up another. For in the hand of the LORD there is a cup with foaming wine, well mixed, and he pours out from it, and all the wicked of the earth shall drain it down to the dregs.

Isaiah 51:17 makes explicit that the “cup” is the cup of God’s wrath: “Wake yourself, wake yourself, stand up, O Jerusalem, you who have drunk from the hand of the LORD the cup of his wrath, who have drunk to the dregs the bowl, the cup of staggering.”

The “cup” Jesus is going to drink on the cross is far worse than the horrific physical suffering of crucifixion he faces. Jesus’ “cup” is the infinite wrath and judgment of almighty God upon human sin. The wrath of God that Jesus will experience on the cross is, very literally, hell. On the cross, he will experience separation from God the Father. He will be cut off from God. He will be considered an enemy of God because our sins will be counted as his (2 Cor. 5:21).

This is why Jesus agonizes and struggles in the Garden—because he knows he will soon be crushed under the infinite weight of the wrath of God.

click here to read the entire article…

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12 comentarii (+add yours?)

  1. Trackback: View Jesus’ path in events from Passion week with Google maps « agnus dei – english + romanian blog
  2. Chris
    Iul 06, 2011 @ 22:36:54

    Good post – you are right, Jesus faced a lot more than physical pain.

    • rodi
      Iul 06, 2011 @ 23:44:59

      Chris, thanks for your input! BTW I recently posted a video series (3 videos) of David Platt’s on the theology of the cross. He expounds on this and other Cross related subjects. It’s very good.

  3. Gabi Bogdan
    Iul 07, 2011 @ 01:33:09

    Just on question, why do you think the bible does not have a description of the physical appearance of our Lord , Jesus Christ?

    • rodi
      Iul 07, 2011 @ 10:03:26

      Maybe because we would then worship an image instead of the living Christ? We tend to make idols out of everything.
      Some people at first glance think Isaiah 53 describes the outward appearance of Jesus, the coming Messiah, however, from the commentaries I have read the reference in verse 2 that „he had no form or majesty that we should look at him, and no beauty that we should desire him” seems to refer to the fact that he came as a servant and in his humiliation men would completely misjudge him.
      Even as He stands now at the right hand of God, we can not begin to imagine what he could look like in glory. I imagine that- ‘what eye has not seen and ear has not heard” probably applies here as well.

  4. Gabi Bogdan
    Iul 07, 2011 @ 23:44:06

    That is one reason I don’t watch „Jesus movies”(not anymore). For the longest time, when i was praying , i had the Jesus from „Jesus of Nazareth”(best Jesus movie , by the way) image in my head. You should read what Tozer wrote about the „religious movie”.

    • rodi
      Iul 08, 2011 @ 00:32:51

      even if we had no Jesus movies we would probably still create an image in our head. We are a very visual generation. If you have a link from Tozer’s commentary on this I would like to read it and I would appreciate it if you could send it my way. thanks!

  5. Gabi Bogdan
    Iul 08, 2011 @ 22:07:13

    http://www.biblebb.com/files/tozermovie.htm
    And than the book is „Tozer on Worship and Entertainment”

    • rodi
      Iul 09, 2011 @ 01:47:30

      Thanks for finding the link for me. He makes some very valid points in this chapter such as that a movie should never take place of sermons, and that it is hard or impossible to harmonize Scripture with acting. When Jesus gave the great commission, he didn’t tell us exactly how to go about it.
      And what of the unprecedented access that movies have into secular and muslim countries where they are hearing the gospel from the only source possible-movies via satellite. Also, just this spring for some surprising reason, Iran allowed Mel Gibson’s movie ‘The Passion of the Christ’ to be played in their theaters. While Bibles are strictly forbidden and very few missionaries can break through, yet this movie brought the story of Jesus Christ to a whole nation for the first time in Iran’s history.
      Can God use faulty human programs like movies to save those he intends to save? Jesus said God will use rocks to cry out if his disciples keep quiet.

  6. Gabi Bogdan
    Iul 09, 2011 @ 02:47:20

    He uses people that preach the Gospel for personal reasons, so i guess he can use these means to be a testimony against the people that refuse to come to Christ.

  7. fabian
    Apr 05, 2012 @ 09:08:12

    Passion week

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