Free Will (3) St. Augustine

Here is a short excerpt from the writings of Augustine, who first addressed Pelagianism as North African Bishop who lived from 354 to 430 AD. You can read a short biographical account of St. Augustine’s life here.

(St Augustine via) Monergism

Grace Creates a Truly Free Will – Augustine

Do we by grace destroy free will? God forbid! We establish free will. For even as the law is not destroyed but established by faith, so free will is not destroyed but established by grace. The law is fulfilled only by a free will. And yet the law brings the knowledge of sin; faith brings the acquisition of grace against sin; grace brings the healing of the soul from the disease of sin; the health of the soul brings freedom of will; free will brings the love of righteousness; and the love of righteousness fulfils the law. Thus the law is not destroyed but established through faith, since faith obtains grace by which the law is fulfilled. Likewise, free will is not destroyed through grace, but is established, since grace cures the will so that righteousness is freely loved. Now all the stages which I have here connected together in their successive links, are each spoken of individually in the sacred Scriptures. The law says: ‘You shall not covet’ (Ex.20:17). Faith says: ‘Heal my soul, for I have sinned against You’ (Ps.41:4). Grace says: ‘See, you have been made well: sin no more, in case a worse thing comes upon you’ (Jn.5:14). Health says: ‘O Lord my God, I cried to You, and You have healed me’ (Ps.30:2). Free will says: ‘I will freely sacrifice to You’ (Ps.54:6). Love of righteousness says: ‘Transgressors told me pleasant tales, but not according to Your law, O Lord’ (Ps. 119:85).

How is it then that miserable human beings dare to be proud, either of their free will, before they are set free, or of their own strength, if they have been set free? They do not observe that in the very mention of free will they pronounce the name of liberty. But ‘where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty’ (2 Cor.3:17). If, therefore, they are the slaves of sin, why do they boast of free will? For ‘by whatever a person is overcome, to that he is delivered as a slave’ (2 Pet.2:19). But if they have been set free, why do they puff themselves up as if it were by their own doing? Why do they boast, as if their freedom were not a gift? Or are they so free that they will not have Him for their Lord Who says to them, ‘Without Me, you can do nothing’ (Jn.15:5), and, ‘If the Son sets you free, you shall be truly free?’ (Jn.8:36).

Augustine, On the Spirit and the Letter, 52


Note: From this quote, we clearly see that Augustine understood „free will” to mean free from the bondage of sin. But to those without the Spirit he asks this rhetorical question showing he affirms that the unregenerate have no true free will: „If, therefore, they are the slaves of sin, why do they boast of free will?”

5 comentarii (+add yours?)

  1. Trackback: Free will (4) and prayer/petition « agnus dei – english + romanian blog
  2. Eduardo
    oct. 16, 2011 @ 21:31:37

    Man is born without sin, he becomes a sinner when he gets the knowledge of what is good or bad. For that reason the Divine Jesus came to this world to save to the man. He established his church were the apostoles delivered his word around the world. Nobody can be saved by Jesus if they do not born again, if they do not enter to his kingdom, if they do not wash their sins as He commanded ” he who believeth AND be baptized will be saved” Mark 16:16 AND means both things will be done, not only one. As the members of the church of Christ do, obeying to Jesus’ commands. ” Great, the church of Christ still exist, fint them!”

    • rodi
      oct. 16, 2011 @ 23:39:17

      Eduardo, if when the Bible is addressing believers in 1 John 1:9 and says „If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just and will forgive us our sins”, then how much more sinful are we when we do not yet know Christ, even as a small child that we think of as innocent? There are a lot of different views in most of the issues you address. It is good to read the different views and compare them to the Bible verses they are derived from.

  4. Trackback: John Piper – on Augustine at Campus Outreach National Conference-Dec.31,2011 « agnus dei – english + romanian blog
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