Three views of Sanctification – Reformed, Wesleyan and Pentecostal

In referencing “The Basic Book of Bible Texts” by John Jefferson Davis, I thought it would be helpful to post the Scriptures that are used to support the different denominational views on sanctification. Davis divides the views into 2 camps and then adds a Pentecostal perspective. Davis defines sanctification as:

The Christians’ growth in holiness and conformity to the character of Jesus Christ through personal faith and obedience and the ministry of the Holy Spirit and the Word of God.

 Three Views on Sanctification – Scriptures they are based on

Davis divides the views into 2 camps and also adds a Pentecostal perspective:

Some Christian traditions understand sanctification in terms of crisis experiences leading to Christian perfection (Holiness, Pentecostal, Nazarene); others understand sanctification primarily in terms of a continuous process which never reaches a state of Christian perfection in this life (Reformed, Lutheran, Anglican).

Wesleyan view

“Christian perfection or entire sanctification”, in this view, the state of holiness begins at regeneration and is completed by an instantaneous work of the Holy Spirit (the Baptism of the Holy Spirit) subsequent to regeneration,  in which the old Adamic sin nature is actually abolished. ‘Christian perfection… is nothing more or nothing less than a heart emptied of all sin and filled with a pure love to God and man. Wiley 2:511 (footnote here- The baptism of the Holy Spirit may include, but is not necessarily identified with the outward manifestation of speaking in tongues, although some in this tradition would make this identification. “Christian perfection” is not absolute moral perfection or perfection in knowledge, but a state in which a believer is freed from the power of sin, sin understood as a voluntary transgression of a known law of God. And- Even in the Old Covenant, prior to the fullness of the Spirit’s work, individuals such as Noah and Job are specifically commended for their personal sanctity.

Genesis 6:9 This is the genealogy of Noah. Noah was a just man, perfect in his generations. Noah walked with God.

Genesis 17:1 When Abram was ninety-nine years old, the Lord appeared to Abram and said to him, “Iam Almighty God; walk before Me and be blameless.

Job 1:1 There was a man in the land of Uz, whose name was Job; and that man was blameless and upright, and one who feared God and shunned evil.

Matthew 5:48 Therefore you shall be perfect, just as your Father in heaven is perfect

Mark 12:28-30  Then one of the scribes came, and having heard them reasoning together, perceiving that He had answered them well, asked Him, “Which is the first commandment of all?” 29 Jesus answered him, “The first of all the commandments is: ‘Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God, the Lord is one. 30 And you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your mind, and with all your strength.’ This is the first commandment.

Acts 15:8-9 So God, who knows the heart, acknowledged them by giving them the Holy Spirit, just as He did to us, and made no distinction between us and them, purifying their hearts by faith

2 Corinthians 7:1 Therefore, having these promises, beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God

Galatians 5:24 And those who are Christ’s have crucified the flesh with its passions and desires

Ephesians 1:13 In Him you also trusted, after you heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation; in whom also, having believed, you were sealed with the Holy Spirit of promise

1 Thessalonians 5:23 Now may the God of peace Himself sanctify you completely; and may your whole spirit, soul, and body be preserved blameless at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ

Hebrews 6:1 Therefore, leaving the discussion of the elementary principles of Christ, let us go on to perfection, not laying again the foundation of repentance from dead works and of faith toward God,

Reformed view

In this view, the state of holiness begins with regeneration and conversion, and is to grow throughout the believer’s life through the ministry of the Word and Spirit and through personal faith and obedience. In this understanding the old sin nature is progressively subdued but never entirely abolished in this life. In justification, sin is pardoned; in sanctification it is subdued. Sanctification “…is neither equal in all, nor in this life perfect in any, but growing up to perfection” (West Larger Catechism, q 77)

Here are the verses this view is based on:

1 Kings 8:46,49,50 46 “When they sin against You (for there is no one who does not sin), and You become angry with them and deliver them to the enemy, and they take them captive to the land of the enemy, far or near; – 49then hear in heaven Your dwelling place their prayer and their supplication, and maintain their cause – 50 and forgive Your people who have sinned against You, and all their transgressions which they have transgressed against You; and grant them compassion before those who took them captive, that they may have compassion on them

Matthew 6:12 And forgive us our debts, As we forgive our debtors.

Luke 9:23 Then He said to them all, “If anyone desires to come after Me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross daily, and follow Me

Romans 8:1-2 There is therefore now no condemnation to those who are in Christ Jesus, who do not walk according to the flesh, but according to the Spirit. For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has made me free from the law of sin and death

Ephesians 5:18 And do not be drunk with wine, in which is dissipation; but be filled with the Spirit

Philippians 3:12 Not that I have already attained, or am already perfected; but I press on, that I may lay hold of that for which Christ Jesus has also laid hold of me

James 3:2 For we all stumble in many things. If anyone does not stumble in word, he is a perfect man, able also to bridle the whole body

1 John 1:8-9  If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us. If we confess our sins, He is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.

Pentecostal Directives

The Baptism in the Holy Spirit: “This wonderful experience is distinct from and subsequent to the experience of the new birth… the baptism of believers in the Holy Ghost is witnessed by the initial physical signs of speaking with other tongues as the Spirit of God gives them utterance.” Articles Seven and Eight, “Statement of Fundamental Truths,” 35th General Council of the Assemblies of God, August 16-21, 1973.

Here are the verses this view is based on:

Matthew 3:11  I indeed baptize you with water unto repentance, but He who is coming after me is mightier than I, whose sandals I am not worthy to carry. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire.

Mark 1:8 I indeed baptized you with water, but He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit.

Mark 16:17  And these signs will follow those who believe: In My name they will cast out demons; they will speak with new tongues

Luke 3:16 John answered, saying to all, “I indeed baptize you with water; but One mightier than I is coming, whose sandal strap I am not worthy to loose. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire

Acts 1:4-5 And being assembled together with them, He commanded them not to depart from Jerusalem, but to wait for the Promise of the Father, “which,” He said, “you have heard from Me; for John truly baptized with water, but you shall be baptized with the Holy Spirit not many days from now.

Acts 2:1-4  When the Day of Pentecost had fully come, they were all with one accord[a] in one place.And suddenly there came a sound from heaven, as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled the whole house where they were sitting. Then there appeared to them divided tongues, as of fire, and one sat upon each of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utter

Acts 8:14-17  Now when the apostles who were at Jerusalem heard that Samaria had received the word of God, they sent Peter and John to them, 15 who, when they had come down, prayed for them that they might receive the Holy Spirit. 16 For as yet He had fallen upon none of them. They had only been baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus. 17 Then they laid hands on them, and they received the Holy Spirit

Acts 10:44-46 While Peter was still speaking these words, the Holy Spirit fell upon all those who heard the word. 45 And those of the circumcision who believed were astonished, as many as came with Peter, because the gift of the Holy Spirit had been poured out on the Gentiles also. 46 For they heard them speak with tongues and magnify God

Acts 19:1-6  And it happened, while Apollos was at Corinth, that Paul, having passed through the upper regions, came to Ephesus. And finding some disciples he said to them, “Did you receive the Holy Spirit when you believed?”So they said to him, “We have not so much as heard whether there is a Holy Spirit.” And he said to them, “Into what then were you baptized?” So they said, “Into John’s baptism.”

Then Paul said, “John indeed baptized with a baptism of repentance, saying to the people that they should believe on Him who would come after him, that is, on Christ Jesus.” When they heard this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus. And when Paul had laid hands on them, the Holy Spirit came upon them, and they spoke with tongues and prophesied.

1 Corinthians 12:7-11  But the manifestation of the Spirit is given to each one for the profit of all: for to one is given the word of wisdom through the Spirit, to another the word of knowledge through the same Spirit, to another faith by the same Spirit, to another gifts of healings by the same Spirit, 10 to another the working of miracles, to another prophecy, to another discerning of spirits, to another different kinds of tongues, to another the interpretation of tongues. 11 But one and the same Spirit works all these things, distributing to each one individually as He wills.

1 Corinthians 12:13 For by one Spirit we were all baptized into one body—whether Jews or Greeks, whether slaves or free—and have all been made to drink into one Spirit

1 Corinthians 14:4-5 He who speaks in a tongue edifies himself, but he who prophesies edifies the church. I wish you all spoke with tongues, but even more that you prophesied; for he who prophesiesis greater than he who speaks with tongues, unless indeed he interprets, that the church may receive edification.

1 Corinthians 14:39-40 Therefore, brethren, desire earnestly to prophesy, and do not forbid to speak with tongues.40 Let all things be done decently and in order

From Handbook of Basic Bible Texts by John Jefferson Davis (p 92-98)

12 comentarii (+add yours?)

  1. Trackback: Three views of Sanctification – Reformed, Wesleyan and … | Jesus said, "Let the little children come to me, and do not hinder them, for the kingdom of heaven belongs to such as these."
  2. cornelilioi
    apr. 21, 2012 @ 20:14:47

    Reblogged this on cornelilioi.

  3. Trackback: Three views of Sanctification – Reformed, Wesleyan and … – speakingintonguesblogs
  4. Trackback: Three views of Sanctification – Reformed, Wesleyan and Pentecostal « Feeds « Theology of Ministry
  5. Trackback: Three views of Sanctification – Reformed, Wesleyan and Pentecostal - Sermon Ideas, Notes, and more - Sermon Impact
  6. gabi bogdan
    apr. 23, 2012 @ 01:25:44

    The one that matches reality and the Bible is the reformed view …
    at salvation we are rescued from the penalty of sin
    Santification we are rescued from the power of sin
    Glorification we are rescued from the presence of sin

    • rodi
      apr. 23, 2012 @ 10:21:33

      very true.I like this handbook I excerpted from, I have a couple more doctrines to post from the book, but with this method you can look at the actual scriptures that the doctrines are formulated from and decide for yourself if the basis is a sound one.

  7. Trackback: HOLINESS and SANCTIFICATION « Homeward Bound!
  8. Trackback: The Puritan View of Holiness « agnus dei – english + romanian blog
  9. Trackback: Pathway to sanctification | daily meditation
  10. NIKIZA J.Apotre
    oct. 01, 2014 @ 10:41:21

    I think one can attempt an integrative approach since I have found all are basically evangelical and their particularities present some positive aspects in the pursuit of holines

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