Romania celebrates it’s Unification Day – December 1, 1918

Ziua Unirii 1918

Ziua Unirii 1918

Great Union Day (Romanian: Ziua Marii Uniri, also called Unification Day) occurring on December 1, is the national holiday of Romania. It commemorates the assembly of the delegates of ethnic Romanians held in Alba Iulia, which declared the Union of Transylvania with Romania.

This holiday was set after the 1989 Romanian Revolution and it marks the unification of Transylvania, but also of the provinces of Bessarabia and Bukovina with the Romanian Kingdom, in 1918.

On December 1, 1918 (November 18 Old Style), the National Assembly of Romanians of Transylvania and Hungary, consisting of 1,228 elected representatives of the Romanians in Transylvania, Banat, Crişana and Maramureş, convened in Alba Iulia and decreed (by unanimous vote)

the unification of those Romanians and of all the territories inhabited by them with Romania.
Romanian postcard issued cca. 1918-1919. Note ...

Romanian postcard issued cca. 1918-1919. Note the unusual shape of Romania’s western borders as pictured on the map (the country is supposed to include all of Maramureş, a bigger part of Crişana, and possibly the entire Banat – pictured in white), since the definitive borders would only be drawn in 1920. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The Resolution voted by the National Assembly stipulated also the „fundamental principles for the foundation of the new Romanian State”. It was conditional, and demanded the preservation of a democratic local autonomy, the equality of all nationalities and religions.

The Assembly also formed from 200 of its members, plus 50 co-opted members a High National Romanian Council of Transylvania, the new permanent parliament of Transylvania.

The next day, on December 2, 1918 the High National Romanian Council of Transylvania formed a government under the name of Directory Council of Transylvania (Consiliul Dirigent al Transilvaniei), headed by Iuliu Maniu.

On December 11, 1918, King Ferdinand signed the Law regarding the Union of Transylvania, Banat, Crişana, the Satmar and Maramureş with the Old Kingdom of Romania, decreeing that

The lands named in the resolution of the Alba-Iulia National Assembly of the 18th of November 1918 are and remain forever united with the Kingdom of Romania.

Romanian National Anthem

Resolution of the National Assembly in Alba Iulia

December 1, 1918

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/dc/Alba_Iulia_Resolution.jpg/770px-Alba_Iulia_Resolution.jpg

via Wikipedia

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