Cristian Barbosu – Cele Zece Porunci – Porunca a Patra

PAGINA Cristian Barbosu PREDICI aici

Cristian Barbosu

„Adu-ti aminte de ziua de odihna, ca sa o sfintesti.”

 Ziua întai sau Sabatul

Referitor la porunca a patra, as dori sa ne apropiem de un lucru care mi se pare interesant. Dintotdeauna, cand vorbeam despre Sabat, sau intram intr-un dialog cu cineva, de foarte multe ori intalneam persoane care argumentau: „Conceptul sabatic Vechi Testamental n-a fost schimbat de Isus, nici de biserica primara, ci efectiv, imparatul Constantin, in secolul IV, prin edictul de la Milan a schimbat ziua de inchinare din Sambata in Duminica. Si de atunci incolo, de fapt, prin acel edict politico religios, oamenii credinciosi au fost fortati sa tina ziua de Duminica. Nu vreau sa intru aici in prea multe argumente, dar am insa un argument care mi se pare foarte interesant si de asemenea important. Sunt scrierile din biserica primara, care le avem la indemana astazi, care sunt traduse (cred eu) si in Romaneste si din scrierile acestea as vrea sa citez cateva surse, cativa oameni din perioada apostolica, deci de dinainte de Constantin, oameni care au cunoscut printr-o relatie personala multi dintre apostolii care au stat la picioarele lui Isus.

De aceea, daca edictul din Milan a avut loc la anul 313, as vrea sa ne intoarcem in istorie si sa ne apropiem de exemplu de Barnaba. De Barnanba stim bine din Faptele Apostolilor, a fost unul din tovarasii de misiune al lui Pavel, care intr-o scriere  datata prin anii  70 A.D., in epistola lui Barnaba, consemenaza urmatoarele lucruri. „De aceea,” zicea Barnaba, „sarbatorim noi ziua a opta, ca a saptea este Sambata, a opta e evident ca urma Sambetei- Duminica, ca sarbatoarea de bucurie, zi in care Domnul Isus a inviat din morti si dupa ce s-a aratat, s-a inaltat la ceruri. Este evident ca Barnaba se refera specific la ziua de Duminica si la cea de Sambata.

Mai apoi Ignatiu, ucenic al apostolului Ioan, in epistola sa catre Magnezieni, scrise in jurul anului 100, dupa Hristos, scrie urmatoarele cuvinte: „Nu va amagiti cu invataturi ratacite si basme vechi pentru ca sunt nefolositoare. Daca pana acum a-ti vietuit ca Iudei (observati comparatia), marturisind prin aceasta ca nu a-ti primit harul, daca si cei care au vietuit dupa oranduiala veche au venit la o nadejde noua, nu mai tin Sambata, ci isi ornaduiesc viata potrivit zilei Domnului, cu care incepe viata noastra prin El si prin moartea Sa.” Observati cat de aproape este Ignatiu de invatatura apostolului Pavel.

Iustin Martirul- un alt om al lui Dumnezeu, in scrisoarea sa catre  iudeul Trifan, scrisa in jurul anului 155, dupa Hristos, scrie pe aceiasi tema: „Neamurile care au crezut in Hristos si s-au pocait de pacatele lor, cu toate ca nu tin Sambetele, nici nu se taie imprejur si nu pastreaza sarbatorile, totusi ele vor mosteni mostenirea cea sfanta a lui Dumnezeu. Si intr-o alta lucrare a lui „Apologia” el continua pe aceleasi subiect: „Ziua Duminicii, toti cei ce traiesc la orase sau la tara, toti ne adunam intr-un loc si citim cuvintele apostolilor sau a le proorocilor. Duminica este ziua in care toti ne tinem adunarile noastre, fiindca este prima zi in care Dumnezeu a creat lumea si in care Isus, Mantuitorul nostru a inviat din morti. Ca El a fost rastignit cu o zi inainte de ziua lui Saturn (Sambata), iar in ziua dupa Saturn, (adica Duminica) s-a aratat apostolilor si ucenicilor Sai, pe care i-a invatat aceste lucruri pe care le-am supus consideratiei voastre.

Mergem mai departe. Irineu, un important parinte al Bisericii de Apus, un om care stim ca a primit invatatura de la apostolul Ioan, in celebra lui lucrare „Impotriva Ereziilor”, scrisa prin anul 180, dupa Hristos, are o propozitie cheie. Spunea el, „Duminica noi toti praznuim- o praznuim ca zi de odihna”. Clement din Alexandria, in epistola lui Clement, spune asa, „Duminicile noi le inchinam bucuriei si tinem ziua Domnului, liber de orice predica, grija sau datorie, lasand de o parte lucrul nostru lumesc , ca sa nu dam loc diavolului sa lucreze. Si lista poate continua, eu ma opresc aici.

Este foarte important, cred eu sa observam ca in biserica primara, de la Domnul Isus si apostol pana pe vremea imparatului Constantin, crestinii au inceput sa tina Duminica ca zi de odihna si inchinare si nu Sambata, cum tineau iudeii. Simbolul, Sabatul al legamantului vechi a fost schimbat, a fost inlocuit. Legamantul cel nou, de acum inainte isi ia exprimare prin ziua de Dminica.

De aceea, chiar daca unii vin si il citeaza, de exemplu pe marele teolog Atanasie, si eu am primit asemenea citat de la un om care argumenta pentru Sambata. Citatul scrie asa, „Crestinii in Alexndria se aduna in ziua Sambetei, nu ca si cum ar fi devotati iudaismului, ci sa adore pe Isus, Domnul Sambetei.” E foarte interesant, ca m-am dus la sursa primara si am citit acel text in context, mi-am dat seama ca spunea cu mult mai mult. Tot acolo se amintea ca acesti crestini din Alexandria erau doar o exceptie. Cei din Egipt insa si cei din celelalte tinuturi, specific Atanasie, tot el tinea Duminica, se inchinau Duminica. Argumentul acesta din punct de vedere istoric nu este viabil si de aceea, din punctul meu de vedere, trebuie sa ridice mari semne de intrebare celor care il propun si il argumenteaza de multe ori cu mare patos ca acest om, imparat, Constantin ar fi schimbat cursul inchinarii inlocuind Sambata cu Duminica. Biserica primara, sursele ei spun alt lucru si eu tind sa le dau crezare.

Cristian Retevoescu

Let’s teach our families & kids – Saeed Abedini’s Letter from Inside Iran’s Evin Prison

Matthew 5:11-12

“Blessed are you when people insult you, persecute you and falsely say all kinds of evil against you because of me. 12 Rejoice and be glad, because great is your reward in heaven, for in the same way they persecuted the prophets who were before you.

Saeed Abedini’s Letter from Inside Iran’s Evin Prison

Pastor Saeed writes a letter to his wife and supporters. Please share this moving letter from the dark and brutal Evin prison in Iran & sign the petition to #SaveSaeed: Here is his letter, dated February 18- read aloud.

OfficialACLJ

And A Letter from Saeed’s Wife

Naghmeh, Saeed’s wife, reads a letter she has written as she reflects on the time passed since Saeed was arrested in Iran. She asks us to use our voices to make his story heard. Please sign the petition at http://www.SaveSaeed.com, and do all you can to help us #SaveSaeed.

Husbands, love your wives

Excerpt from the message – John MacArthur:

(See entire message here gty.org/resources/sermons/80-383)

People in marriages attack each other because of their own sinfulness, their own fallenness and because there’s conflict as we read in Genesis between the man and the woman as they vie for power in the union. So immediately upon the Fall, marriage is under assault from the outside by Satan and from the inside by the conflict that rises in the hearts of the two people that make up that union.

……

MacArthur states that in order for a marriage to work, it has: To be „monitored by and empowered by the Holy Spirit”. 

“Husbands, love your wives just as Christ also loved the church and gave Himself up for her so that He might sanctify her having cleansed her by the washing of water with the Word that He might present to Himself the church in all her glory, having no spot or wrinkle or any such thing but that she would be holy and blameless. “So husbands ought also to love their own wives as their own bodies. He who loves his own wife, loves himself, for no one ever hated his own flesh, but nourishes and cherishes it just as Christ also does the church because we are members of His body.” A very lengthy and very detailed set of instructions for the husband.

The husband’s command is very clear. It’s a single command. Husbands, love your wives. Love your wives. That is the command. There is no command to take authority over your wife. That’s not the command. That is not the command. Is the husband the head? Absolutely he’s the head. We saw that, didn’t we, in 1 Corinthians 11, the husband is the head of the wife, Christ is the head of the man, God is the head of Christ. But the command is not to take authority. It doesn’t say a word about that. It doesn’t say take authority. It doesn’t say rule over your wife. It doesn’t say order her around. It doesn’t say command her. It doesn’t say subjugate her, subject her. It doesn’t say dominate her. It says love your wives…love your wives. And the word for love is from the verb agapao which is the most intense, most divine, most magnanimous, most sacrificial, most humble kind of love. It’s the love of the will. There are other words for love in the Greek language. There’s the word eros(? from which you get erotic, that’s a sexual kind of love. There’s the word phileo, the verb phileo which is the word that is in the word Philadelphia, the city of brotherly love, it means that, that kind of a normal, human affection. There is even a word for family love and that word is used when the Apostle Paul writes to Timothy and says that people in the society, the worldly society have lost their natural affection. That is their family love. So there are words for family love, and erotic love, and brotherly love. But this is the word for the love of the will. This is the word that is the most magnanimous, the most far-reaching, and the most intentional. This is…this is a word for love that is not defined by the solicitation of the one loved. This is the love of the will. This is loving because it is right to love, loving because you will to love. It doesn’t mean the person is not attractive, but this word is defined as a word that expresses one’s intentionality.

This is how we are to love because we determine to love, because we will to love. This is, of course, defined for us as the kind of love the Lord has for His church. He does not love us because we are lovable. He did not save us because we were lovable. He didn’t save you and not somebody else down the street from you because you were more lovable than the person down the street. You might have picked your life partner because that person was more lovable in your judgment than the other people you knew. That is not how God chose you. He predetermined by His own will to set His love on you and to then spend His love relentlessly on you forever and ever and ever. And it is that kind of love that a husband is to set upon the woman that he takes as his wife.

It is the manner of our love. Let’s start with that word “manner,” we’ll break it down into several parts. This love, the manner of this love, “as Christ loved the church” and you can go all the way back and say, Romans 5:8, “He loved us when we were enemies, when we were alienated, when we were unlovable and unlovely and unloving and before we loved Him. We only love Him because He first loved us. That’s what we’re talking about. You set your love by your will because it’s right and it’s noble, and it’s the way Christ set His love on us. That’s the manner of it.

 

The Willful Submission of a Christian Wife

Excerpts from – see entire message here http://www.gty.org/resources/sermons/80-382

John MacArthur:

In other words, if you reverence Christ, if you are in awe of Christ, if you desire to honor and please Him, then be a submissive person…a submissive person. As general characteristic, we are to be submissive. Spirit-filled people are submissive. That is to say, they are not dominating, they are not proud, they are not self-willed. They do not live by their own agenda which is, of course, the way people in our culture and our society today live. We have sown the seeds of a self-esteem psychology and we have reaped a harvest of pride, overwhelming pride, personal pride, self-glorification, self-will, domination of the environment by one’s own person and plans. But Spirit-filled people are submissive by the work of the Holy Spirit.

The word here for “subject,” or “submit” is hupotasso, it’s a Greek verb, hupotasso, it’s compounded. It means…tasso means to arrange, to place in order, and hupo is under. It’s a military term, it means to place yourself under, to rank yourself under. That’s what it means in the military sense. It is to rank yourself under those in authority over you, under those who have responsibility for you, to be under someone. As a general principle as Christians, we are to live lives of submission. This is so clearly the general principle of Christian living that it is referred to many times in particular in the New Testament. But perhaps as clear a section as there is Philippians 2. In Philippians 2 we read in verse 1, we’ll just pick it up at verse 1, “If there’s any encouragement in Christ, any consolation of love, any fellowship of the Spirit, any affection and compassion—talking about mutually among believers—make my joy complete by being of the same mind, maintaining the same love, loving everybody the same, thinking the same things, united in Spirit, intent on one purpose.”

How in the world can you do that? How can you get along so completely with others? “Do nothing from selfishness or empty conceit, but with humility of mind, regard one another as more important than yourselves. Do not merely look out for your own personal interest, but also for the interest of others.” That is the soul of submission. It is humility. It is being unselfish, having no conceit but with humility of mind, considering others as more important than yourselves. Not looking out for your own interests, but the interests of others. That is a spiritual grace that is produced by the Holy Spirit. If there is any fellowship of the Spirit, any real fellowship of the Spirit, this then will appear. And—by the way—the greatest illustration of this is Christ Himself. You are to have this attitude of humble submission in yourselves, verse 5, which was also in Christ Jesus who although He existed in the form of God didn’t regard equality with God a thing to be grasped, held onto, but emptied Himself, taking the form of a slave and being made in the likeness of man, found in appearance as a man, He humbled Himself by becoming obedient to the point of death, even death on the cross.”

This is what it means to be submissive, to be humble, to look not on your own things but the things of others. That broad command is also repeated in 1 Corinthians 16:16, “You also be in subjection to such men and to everyone who helps in the work and labors.”

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