Cometa Ison a supravietuit apropierea de soare – Comet Ison’s full swing around the sun – Coplesit de Creatia lui Dumnezeu

Photo credit http://earthsky.org Fa click pe poza sa o maresti.

Cometa ISON a supravieţuit trecerii sale pe lângă Soare, joi, şi a fost denumită „cometa zombie” de către astronomii americani, care consideră că acest corp ceresc neobişnuit „s-a întors dintre morţi”.

Trecerea cometei ISON pe lângă Soare s-a produs cu o viteză uluitoare, care a atins 1,4 milioane de kilometri pe oră. Concluziile iniţiale ale experţilor indicau faptul că ISON, un bulgăr uriaş de gheaţă şi praf stelar, venit de la marginea Sistemului Solar, nu a supravieţuit temperaturilor de câteva mii de grade Celsius în timpul apropierii de Soare şi că acest corp ceresc s-a dezintegrat.

Vineri, însă, spre surpriza specialiştilor, o pată strălucitoare şi-a făcut apariţia pe imaginile captate de sonda Soho, exact în locul în care era aşteptată traiectoria cometei ISON.

„Nu ştim deocamdată dacă este vorba de resturi rămase din cometă sau dacă o parte din nucleul cometei a supravieţuit”, afirmă NASA. Analizele preliminare sugerează faptul că cel puţin o parte din nucleul cometei ISON este intact. Deocamdată este prea devreme pentru ca astronomii să poată spune dacă ISON a rămas intactă sau a fost fragmentată şi să indice procentul din masa iniţială care a fost conservat, dar, în orice caz, masa rămasă este suficientă pentru a forma un nucleu cu o activitate vizibilă.

Sursa: http://www.mediafax.ro Vezi mai multe faze cu apropierea de soare, imagini capturate de diferite telescoape NASA, din diferite unghiuri. Cometa o veti vedea venind din partea dreapta, jos a ecranului, va inconjura soarele si se va reintoarce.

ENGLISH:

After several days of continued observations, scientists continue to work to determine and to understand the fate of Comet ISON: There’s no doubt that the comet shrank in size considerably as it rounded the sun and there’s no doubt that something made it out on the other side to shoot back into space. The question remains as to whether the bright spot seen moving away from the sun was simply debris, or whether a small nucleus of the original ball of ice was still there. Regardless, it is likely that it is now only dust.

Comet ISON, which began its journey from the Oort Cloud some 3 million years ago, made its closest approach to the sun on Nov. 28, 2013. The comet was visible in instruments on NASA’s Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory, or STEREO, and the joint European Space Agency/NASA Solar and Heliospheric Observatory, or SOHO, via images called coronagraphs. Coronagraphs block out the sun and a considerable distance around it, in order to better observe the dim structures in the sun’s atmosphere, the corona. As such, there was a period of several hours when the comet was obscured in these images, blocked from view along with the sun. During this period of time, NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory could not see the comet, leading many scientists to surmise that the comet had disintegrated completely. However, something did reappear in SOHO and STEREO coronagraphs some time later – though it was significantly less bright.
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Whether that spot of light was merely a cloud of dust that once was a comet, or if it still had a nucleus – a small ball of its original, icy material – intact, is still unclear. It seems likely that as of Dec. 1, there was no nucleus left. By monitoring its changes in brightness over time, scientists can estimate whether there’s a nucleus or not, but our best chance at knowing for sure will be if the Hubble Space Telescope makes observations later in December 2013.
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Regardless of its fate, Comet ISON did not disappoint researchers. Over the last year, observatories around the world and in space gathered one of the largest sets of comet observations of all time, which should provide fodder for study for years to come. The number of space-based, ground-based, and amateur observations were unprecedented, with twelve NASA space-based assets observing over the past year.

Source NASA.gov

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