Jacob – (1) father of Israel (and of Joseph)

The Reunion of Jacob and Esau (1844 painting b...The reunion of Jacob and Esau (wikipedia)

A great over all quick view of Jacob, with charts and all. Coming in the next 2 Sundays are Part 2 – The story of Jacob & Part 3 Joseph – The consequences of sin:


  • He pressures Esau into trading his birthright.


  • He tricks his father to receive the blessing.


  • He sees a ladder set up from earth to heaven at Bethel.
  • Angels are ascending and descending upon it.
  • God confirms to him the Abrahamic Covenant.
  • Upon awakening he anoints a rockpile and vows to serve God.


  • He meets Rachel, his cousin and future wife, beside a well.
  • Here begins one of history’s great love stories.
  • He promises Rachel’s father Laban (Jacob’s uncle and future father in law) he will work seven years for her hand in marriage.


  • He is deceived on his wedding night by Laban who secretly substitues Leah (Rachel’s older sister) for Leah.
  • Jacob is furious, but agrees to work yet another seven years for Rachel.
  • He now has two wives and would gather yet another two, for both Rachel and Leah present to him their personal handmaids for childbearing purposes.


You can find a great chronology of the birth of Jacob’s children, here, in the Grace Theological Seminary Journal.(12 page pdf). You can also read about the prophecies for the 12 tribes and some other pertinent facts here.


  • Jacob goes into business with Laban and becomes a wealthy man
  • Upon being ordered by God to return home, he breaks camp without telling Laban
  • Laban chases him down and accuses Jacob (among other things) of stealing his household gods
  • Laban and Jacob come to a truce and build a memorial pile of stones


  • Jacob learns that Esau is on his way to meet him with 400 men
  • Filled with fear, Jacob wrestles with God in prayer all night long by the Brook Jabbok.
  • He is reassured by God for this and his name is changed from Jacob to Israel.
  • The ensuing meeting between Israel and Esau is very friendly.

THE  ENRAGED  FATHER – Gen 34:1-31; 35:22; 38:1-30

  • Over the sin of murder, committed by Levi and Simeon                           1) These boys trick a group of desert men (whose leader had seduced Dinah, their sister) into circumcising themselves. (2) On the third day when they are helpless to defend themselves because of their self-inflicted wounds, Jacob’s two sons slaughter them like animals.
  • Over the sin of adultery committed by Reuben (Gen 35:22) Reuben lay with Bilhah, his father’s concubine and all Israel heard of it.
  • Over the sin of adultery, committed by Judah (1)To seek revenge upon Judah,Tamar his daughter-in-law, disguises herself as a common harlot and entices him. Tamar becomes pregnant and Judah orders her death until he finds out who the father of the child really is.


  • Jacob is ordered by God back to Bethel
  • In preparation for this trip, Jacob instructs his household to destroy their idols and prepare their hearts.
  • He builds an altar at Bethel and calls it „El Bethel”–the God of the house of God.

THE SORROWING SAINT – Gen 35:16-20; 37:31-35

  • He loses his beloved wife, Rachel, in childbirth
  • He buries his father Isaac
  • He is led to believe that Joseph has been killed and eaten by a wild beast.

Immanuel – God with us – Timothy Warren at Dallas Theological Seminary


Isaiah 7:14  (NIV)

Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin will conceive and give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel.

Matthew 1:23 (NIV)

“The virgin will conceive and give birth to a son, and they will call him Immanuel”(which means “God with us”).

Text: Isaiah 7:1-14 – Isaiah comes on the scene to warn Israel of coming judgement and to invite them to step into a world where God is present  even though He is transcendent. Although He is sovereign, He is immanent, here with us in this moment. And those who will repent, those who will acknowledge Him will be part of a remnant which will survive, and that He will bless and prosper. And those who will repent, those who will acknowledge Him will be part of a remnant which will survive and that He will bless and prosper.

Isaiah goes to a people who do not want to and will not see or hear the message. Really, Isaiah, then and today is presenting to us the choice between fear & fear induced behavior and faith resting in God, His promise of protection and His presence.

Preceded by
King of Judah
Coregency: 736 – 732 BC
Sole reign: 732 – 716 BC
Succeeded by

source (wikipedia)

Fact of life: Our natural response to threat is fear

There are a ton of things that can make us fearful and fear is a natural response in a time of threat. But, when we fear, when we’re overwhelmed with our fear, God shows up with a presence of his presence.

English: Ahaz was king of Judah, and the son a...

Verse 14 – ‘Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin will conceive and give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel.‘ Before verse 14 had any meaning in the New Testament, as we relate it to Jesus, it had meaning for Ahaz and for Isaiah, and for the people of Judah at that time.

The promise from God: God tells Ahaz, „Ahaz, you can be part of the remnant. Your soul can be at peace. This threat to my people will not happen. And the reason all of that is true is because I am with you.”

When our normal response to our life is fear, God steps in and gives us the promise of His presence. He says, ‘I will be with you.”

What is our response to God’s promise of His presence?

What is our response to God’s promise of His presence, even when we face the fear of the threat that we so often do and will face for the rest of our lives? Sometimes we lie. Sometime we make bad choices.

We need to reject fear based behavior that will come back and bite us. Lying will come back and bite you. Ahaz’s fear induced behavior was to make an alliance with the King of Assyria. When God said in the last part of verse 9, „if you do not believe, you will not last,” there is a play on words in Hebrew. It says, „If you don’t have faith, then you will not faithfully stand. If you do not believe, you will not survive.” Because Isaiah knew and God knew that Ahaz has a plan and his plan was to go to the King of Assyria and make an alliance so that the King of Assyria would come and beat up on Syria and Israel. and keep Ahaz and Judah from being destroyed by them. God says, „That will come back and bite you”.

Look at verse 7. He says, „If you go that route, the Lord will bring upon you and upon your people, and upon your father’s house, some days as has never come since the days of Ephraim separated in Judah. That is the King of Assyria. If you compromise, if you default in your behavior, the compromise of alliance rather than trusting me, that will come back to bite you.”

The lesson of Isaiah 7- Trust God. He will protect you and provide for you.

The Land of Judah during the reign of the Kings- source

A sidenote: King Ahaz did not trust God and went on to defile the temple. He died at the age of 36 and was succeeded by his son, Hezekiah. Because of his wickedness he was „not brought into the sepulchre of the kings” (2 Chronicles 28:27) (he was not buried with . An insight into Ahaz’s neglect of the worship of the Lord is found in the statement that on the first day of the month of Nisan that followed Ahaz’s death, his son Hezekiah commissioned the priests and Levites to open and repair the doors of the Temple and to remove the defilements of the sanctuary, a task which took 16 days (2 Chronicles 29:3-20). (via)

You can also read more about idolatrous King Ahaz here – http://www.chabad.org Ahaz was twenty years old when he succeeded his father Jotham to the throne of Judea. He was a weak and idolatrous king. He even made his son walk through the fire of Moloch, aping the abominable custom of the Phoenicians. Another son, Hezekiah, who was to become king after Ahaz, was saved from the flames of the idol by his mother.

Published on Dec 6, 2012 dallasseminary Dr. Timothy Warren, Professor of Pastoral Ministries, DTS, explains how God is with His people.

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