Free Will (3) St. Augustine

Here is a short excerpt from the writings of Augustine, who first addressed Pelagianism as North African Bishop who lived from 354 to 430 AD. You can read a short biographical account of St. Augustine’s life here.

(St Augustine via) Monergism

Grace Creates a Truly Free Will – Augustine

Do we by grace destroy free will? God forbid! We establish free will. For even as the law is not destroyed but established by faith, so free will is not destroyed but established by grace. The law is fulfilled only by a free will. And yet the law brings the knowledge of sin; faith brings the acquisition of grace against sin; grace brings the healing of the soul from the disease of sin; the health of the soul brings freedom of will; free will brings the love of righteousness; and the love of righteousness fulfils the law. Thus the law is not destroyed but established through faith, since faith obtains grace by which the law is fulfilled. Likewise, free will is not destroyed through grace, but is established, since grace cures the will so that righteousness is freely loved. Now all the stages which I have here connected together in their successive links, are each spoken of individually in the sacred Scriptures. The law says: ‘You shall not covet’ (Ex.20:17). Faith says: ‘Heal my soul, for I have sinned against You’ (Ps.41:4). Grace says: ‘See, you have been made well: sin no more, in case a worse thing comes upon you’ (Jn.5:14). Health says: ‘O Lord my God, I cried to You, and You have healed me’ (Ps.30:2). Free will says: ‘I will freely sacrifice to You’ (Ps.54:6). Love of righteousness says: ‘Transgressors told me pleasant tales, but not according to Your law, O Lord’ (Ps. 119:85).

How is it then that miserable human beings dare to be proud, either of their free will, before they are set free, or of their own strength, if they have been set free? They do not observe that in the very mention of free will they pronounce the name of liberty. But ‘where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty’ (2 Cor.3:17). If, therefore, they are the slaves of sin, why do they boast of free will? For ‘by whatever a person is overcome, to that he is delivered as a slave’ (2 Pet.2:19). But if they have been set free, why do they puff themselves up as if it were by their own doing? Why do they boast, as if their freedom were not a gift? Or are they so free that they will not have Him for their Lord Who says to them, ‘Without Me, you can do nothing’ (Jn.15:5), and, ‘If the Son sets you free, you shall be truly free?’ (Jn.8:36).

Augustine, On the Spirit and the Letter, 52

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Note: From this quote, we clearly see that Augustine understood „free will” to mean free from the bondage of sin. But to those without the Spirit he asks this rhetorical question showing he affirms that the unregenerate have no true free will: „If, therefore, they are the slaves of sin, why do they boast of free will?”

Acuzat fiindca doresc sfintenie – Iosif Ton

Am citit pentru prima data despre subiectul de fata de la o publicatie la care ma abonasem prin email numita Voxdeibaptist, Publicatia Baptista de Apologetica, editia de Aprilie, 2010.

Intr-un citat scurt din articol, Iosif Ton declara:

„Cu ceea ce am scris aici, eu arat clar ca nu sunt un pelagianist!”

Redau intreg articolul scris de Iosif Ton:

Un tinerel de la Oradea mă acuză de pelagianism și cere Uniunii Baptiste să mă declare eretic și sa-mi interzica sa mai predic în Bisericile baptiste din România. El este un calvinist declarat şi de pe această poziţie mă acuză de pelagianism, pe care el zice că îl găseşte în „Prefaţa” mea la cartea lui John Oswalt, „Chemaţi să fie sfinţi”, publicată la Editura Cartea Creştină în 2008. Cartea aceasta este arminianistă. Eu sunt baptist român şi cultul baptist român, prin Mărturisirea lui de credinţă, este arminianist, fiindcă afirmă că omul este liber să aleagă să răspundă chemării lui Dumnezeu şi să împlinească poruncile lui Dumnezeu sau să le respingă. Un calvinist nu crede în voinţa liberă a omului, ci într-o strictă predestinare divină.

Aşadar, faptul că am promovat o carte arminianistă nu este – în cultul baptist român – o erezie. Pentru un calvinist strict, arminianimsul este o erezie, dar calvinistul este liber să creadă ce vrea şi să scrie ce vrea, fără ca aceasta să ne deranjeze pe noi.

Ceea ce deranjează este neadevărul şi acuzaţiile nedrepte. Băieţelul acesta mă acuză de pelagianism şi acesta este un neadevăr, prin care mi se face o nedreptate.

Cititi mai departe raspunsul lui Iosif Ton.

Acuzatia  facuta de Domnul Florin Motiu a fost publicata in voxdeibaptist, dar, am regasit-o doar aici pe situl  Trezire Spirituala (Viorel C.).


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