Și România are canioane roşii ! The amazing Red Canyons of Romania

Râpa Roşie, “canionul” românesc de lângă Sebeş 

La sud-est de Munţii Apuseni, în culoarul Mureşului nu departe de cursul acestuia, în imediata vecinătate a oraşului Sebeş din Alba, există o rezervaţie naturală cu valori geologice, peisagistice şi botanice care merită atenţia naturalistului: Râpa Roşie.

O simplă râpă, un versant abrupt caracterizat de surpări şi eroziune torenţială… totuşi câte minunăţii poate să ascundă?


De la distanţa care permite o privire panoramică asupra Râpei Roşii, numeroasele coloane şi muchii verticale separate de ravene şi clăi piramidele supraetajate (“piramide coafate”), obeliscuri, contraforturi şamd, dau senzaţia asemănării cu o enormă orgă roşiatică, un mare basorelief ce are circa 800 m lungime şi înălţimi ale pereţilor cvasiverticali de circa 80-100 m.

Unde este Sebes – Photo credit www.skyscrapercity.com

Abrupturi impresionante, sculpturi făcute de natură ce prezintă o dantelărie de forme, turnuri, turnuleţe, ravene, hornuri, coloane, piramide, nişe şi micronişe, variate terase, cornişe şi brâuri orizontale formate din conglomerate poligenetice mai bine cimentate şi rezistente la eroziune pentru o vreme, ajungând înierbate şi susţinând câte un arbore dezvoltat pe careva loc mai stabil. Acest tip de peisaj este denumit “badlands”, terenuri rele, stil de landşaft care în alte zone ale Globului există pe mari suprafeţe, pe când la noi este o raritate insular-izolată.

Citeste mai mult / vezi mai multe poze aici – http://romania-redescoperita.ro

the Râpă Roșie cliff near Sebeș, Romania Photo Wikipedia

ENGLISH

Râpa Roșie – Romania’s Red Canyons at Sebeș

Râpa Roșie (Romanian for „red ravine”) is a protected area, a monument of national interest in Alba County,Romania. It is a geological reserve, located in the extreme southwest of the Secaşelor Plateau on the right bank of the Secașul Mare, about 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) north of Sebeș. It is protected under IUCN Category IV. Erosion and runoff has given it a prominent, sharp rocky appearance in the mountainside. Râpa Roșie measures approximately 10 hectares in size. Râpa Roșie stretches over a length of 800 metres (2,600 ft). Its height measures between 50–125 metres (164–410 ft) (300–425 metres (984–1,394 ft) absolute altitude). A huge wall, almost vertical, gives the impression of a ruined ancestral monument. Tiered columns and pyramids, separated by ravines, form a badlands microrelief. The first report of a Coţofeni culture find at Râpa Roşie was made by Fr. W. Schuster in 1865. It was the first archaeological exploration made by him which revealed remnants of large and small pottery that had ornamentation, which also attested to the Coţofeni culture.

Geology

Râpa Roșie is a geological reserve and a natural monument with unusual red bed features. Assessing the geological age of the formations has been a daunting task as no fossil remains had been found in the past.

The geological monument has been called a „natural wonder”. Its walls rise to a height of 80-100m. Rock formations are naturally carved with very unusual shapes of columns, towers and pyramids formed over centuries of erosion by rainwater. Study of the feature has revealed geological formations of gravel, quartz sands, and sandstones. The deposits are distinct „succession of red clays, grey and reddish soap-stones, friable white soap-stone.” They all exhibit a reddish colour. Deep ravines are formed and during the rainy season the water flowing in the deep ravines is in the colour of the formation that is red; as the water falls into the ravines it makes a roaring sound. Râpa Roșie River flows in the vicinity.

Râpa Roșie Photo Wikipedia

Flora

Râpa Roșie

There are many rare and endemic plants in the area. The floral species reported from the park are Cotoneaster integerrimusEphedra distachyaCentaurea atropurpureaDianthus serotinusCephalaria radiate, and Asplenium nigrum.To evolve a management plan for the natural reserve, a study was carried out on the flora and faunal resources within the reserve area. Given this data, the details of flora reported are 144 plant species of 41 families. Of these, 8 are endangered species which are characteristic to the ecoregion of the xerophilous grasslands and/or the Xerothermic subcontinental Oak forest, and are: Cephalaria radiateCephalaria uralensisOnosma pseudoarenariaJurinea mollis ssp. (transsilvanica),Salvia transsilvanicaSalvia nutansCentaurea atropurpurea and Quercus pubescens. In addition to the above, some rare plant species reported are Cotoneaster integerrimusCentaurea atropurpureaDianthus serotinusCephalaria radiate and Asplenium adiantum-nigrum.

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